By Forrest B. Tyler
Cultures, groups, Competence, and Change presents a transcultural psychosocial notion of the character of person and social job. the writer provides an built-in view of ways humans strengthen a psychosocially-based expertise of themselves and their milieus to form what he refers to as their `internested' social structures. In so doing he demanding situations present deficit/prevention emphases within the aiding disciplines and promotes a optimistic, prosocial version of person and social techniques to change.
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Extra resources for Cultures, Communities, Competence, and Change
First, we as individuals are active agents who form our realities, seek to advance our individual and collective understanding of them, and then use that understanding to enhance the quality of our lives. Second, we would not want or try to 29 30 CHAPTER2 understand ourselves unless we had a capability for self-reflection; that capability must be included in any understanding of ourselves. Third, we, individually and collectively, are the ones who benefit from knowing what we contribute to the process of guiding our own futures.
That possibility is quite important as a basis for understanding and interacting with people from differing ecologies and with differing histories and identities. It suggests that we can identify at least some of the collective, as well as individual, implicit personal equation factors in humans. Even so, we can never consider human activities as being fully determinable; we must consider them as inherently open and not entirely predictable. The question of where to start in seeking to understand human behavior has an added component; we must include the factor that human functioning is itself an imprecise process.
He argued further that cognitive properties of a complex organism cannot be predicted from a knowledge of that organism's separate parts. Rather, these holistic properties must be studied at the level of their functioning. , behaviorist) properties, using the example of a wheel rolling down a hill. While the atoms function in the same way at any point on the hill, the overall functioning of the wheel determines their location in the world. This point also applies to the example of people moving from one culture to another; our atoms and cognitive processes function in the same way, but that knowledge is of little value in understanding why we decided to move or experienced culture shock when we arrived.
Cultures, Communities, Competence, and Change by Forrest B. Tyler