By John F. Copper
This three-volume paintings is the 1st finished learn of China's international relief and funding international relations to track its evolution because the PRC's founding. quantity III analyzes China's international relief and funding to international locations outdoors of Asia and assesses the findings of earlier volumes to teach this can be a ambitious problem to different global powers.
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Additional info for China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy, Volume III: Strategy Beyond Asia and Challenges to the United States and the International Order
246 In 1971, China also made aid pledges to Equatorial Guinea and Sierra Leone for the first time. 247 However, there were no announcements of the amounts or conditions of any aid. 5 million and was a loan. 267 In 1974, China made no aid promises to any African countries that had not received aid before. In 1975, China made aid pledges to Morocco and Mozambique; both were new recipients. 268 In 1977, China delivered foreign aid to twenty-nine African countries, but only three of these received aid in a significant amount (meaning over $5 million): Sudan, Zaire, and Tanzania.
150 By late 1971, 313 miles of track had been laid. By early 1973, some of Zambia’s copper was being shipped on the railroad to the port of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. Thus Zambia was to some extent no longer forced to send its exports through white-dominated countries. 152 The railroad was 1,162 miles in length—longer than from New York to Kansas City or London to Moscow. China used 310,000 tons of steel, 330,000 tons of cement, and huge amounts of other materials to build it. 153 In political terms, meaning mainly public relations, the railroad was a resounding success for China.
China used 310,000 tons of steel, 330,000 tons of cement, and huge amounts of other materials to build it. 153 In political terms, meaning mainly public relations, the railroad was a resounding success for China. Beijing won acclaim throughout the continent and beyond. 154 Many observers saw China in a new light. 155 In short, Beijing accomplished its political goals. 156 In economic terms, the results were quite different. China did not have much foreign exchange at the time and kept its expenditures to a minimum by utilizing its own materials for construction work on the project.
China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy, Volume III: Strategy Beyond Asia and Challenges to the United States and the International Order by John F. Copper