By Stuart Reid
Aside from the main royal websites, akin to Stirling and Edinburgh, few Scottish castles have been situated at strategic issues, or have been meant to deal with garrisons required to guard or subjugate cities. as an alternative they have been basically fortified residing homes, erected in an atmosphere of susceptible Royal authority and endemic feuding among rival clans and teams, in either Highland and Lowland components. even if a few enceinte castles have been built in the course of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, such a lot shielding building keen on the tower residence, a particular vernacular sort of Scottish fortification. This e-book examines the layout, improvement, and objective of those quintessentially Scottish structures, and in addition covers higher websites similar to Urquhart and Blackness.
Read Online or Download Castles And Tower Houses Of The Scottish Clans 1450-1650 PDF
Best strategy books
Guns more desirable speedily after the Civil struggle, elevating tricky questions on the conflict strategies hired by means of the U.S. military. the main basic challenge was once the dominance of the tactical protective, while defenders secure via fieldworks may possibly carry lethal fireplace from rifles and artillery opposed to attackers advancing in close-ordered traces.
For army planners, the keep an eye on of knowledge is necessary to army good fortune, and communications networks and desktops are of important operational value. using know-how to either keep an eye on and disrupt the stream of data has been normally talked about by way of a number of names, details struggle, digital conflict, cyberwar, netwar, and knowledge Operations (IO).
- Why the allies won
- British Home Defences 1940-45
- Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioral Economics
- I Have a Strategy (No You Don't): The Illustrated Guide to Strategy
- Ulysses S. Grant: Memoirs & Selected Letters (Library of America, Volume 50)
Extra resources for Castles And Tower Houses Of The Scottish Clans 1450-1650
96 There was a sound basis for this judgement. e. 97 Moreover, the British were sure that they had the means with which to win the international competition for Spain's diplomatic affection and strategic favours. A confident Lord Plymouth had explained to a sceptical Soviet Ambassador, Ivan Maisky, in 1937, that the prospect of a Francoist victory held no terrors for Britain. For a devastated, post-civil-war Spain would have to seek foreign financial aid. As Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy had no substantial capital reserves to fund reconstruction in Spain, then the victor in the struggle there would have to turn to London, according to Plymouth: 'Whoever leads Spain after this war, he will have to come to our banks 24 Diplomacy and strategy of survival .
57 However, geographical factors were more than sufficient to focus the hostility of the 'New' Spain upon the democratic great powers. French possession of the bulk of Moroccan territory which Franco coveted, and his claim against the British over Gibraltar, ensured that his regime would gravitate naturally towards political alignment with the revisionist Powers, Italy and Germany. The Italo-German drive to redraw European boundaries and redefine spheres of influence coincided with Francoist Spain's own inclination, a community of interests already demonstrated by Nazi and fascist support for the Nationalist civil war effort.
Had he been Spanish, he told an Argentinian journalist, he would have supported Franco, who, as a patriot and a defender of Europe against the Communist danger, had right on his side. Yet as an Englishman, he continued, he preferred the 'others' to triumph, since Franco, unlike them, could menace and disturb British interests. 2 Such a candid declaration readily lent itself to effective anti-British propaganda in Spain, during Churchill's wartime premiership. 3 As Prime Minister, Churchill naturally did continue to give priority to furthering British interests in Anglo-Spanish affairs, but he no longer felt that this necessarily entailed friction or conflict with Franco.
Castles And Tower Houses Of The Scottish Clans 1450-1650 by Stuart Reid