By Anna Basso
This can be the 1st single-authored ebook to try to bridge the space among aphasia study and the rehabilitation of sufferers with this language ailment. reviews of the deficits underlying aphasia and the perform of aphasia rehabilitation have frequently diverged, and the connection among concept and perform in aphasiology is free. The target of this publication is to aid shut this hole by way of making specific the connection among what is to be rehabilitated and how to rehabilitate it.
Early chapters disguise the heritage of aphasia and its remedy from Broca's discoveries to the Nineteen Seventies, and supply an outline of the vintage aphasia syndromes. the center part describes the contribution of cognitive neuropsychology and the therapy types it has encouraged. It comprises dialogue of the connection among the therapy procedure and the useful version upon which it really is established. the ultimate chapters take care of aphasia remedy. After supplying a comic strip of a operating conception of aphasia, Basso describes intervention systems for problems caused by harm on the lexical and sentence degrees in addition to a extra basic conversation-based intervention for critical aphasics.
Anna Basso has run an aphasia rehabilitation unit for greater than thirty years. during this ebook she attracts on her substantial adventure to supply researchers, clinicians, and their scholars and trainees in speech-language pathology and treatment, aphasiology, and neuropsychology with complete insurance of the evolution and state-of-the-art of aphasia study and therapy.
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Moreover, when some of Luria's hypotheses were put to the test, they did not pass it. , 1988a; see Chapter 6). TABLE 2-1. Comparison of Different Classifications Wepman Benson Broca Lichtheim Head Weisemburg & Goldstein Cloning et Bay & Jones Luria (1964) (1964) (1979) (1865) (1885) (1926) McBride (1935) (1948) al. (1963) (1964) Broca AphemiaCortical Verbal Expressive Central Motor Cortical Syntactic Efferent motor Syntactic motor dysarthria motor Wernicke Verbal Cortical Syntactic Receptive Wernicke Sensory Sensory Jargon, Sensory amnesia sensory sensory pragmatic Conduction Conduction Central ConductionSensory Afferent motor Transcortical motor 40 Transcortical motor Transcortical motor Echolalia Ke P ( Bro We Effe affe con Dynamic Tra mot 41 Transcortical sensory Mixed transcortical Anomic Global Alexia with agraphia Alexia without agraphia Aphemia TranscorticalNominal sensory Total Transcortical sensory Mixed echolalia Semantic Amnestic Expressive-receptiveAmnesic Acou amne Pure Semantic Sema Amnestic Subcortical Peripheral motor motor Pure word Subcortical Peripheral Pure word deafness sensory sensory Deafness Source.
Notwithstanding some obvious similarities between his and the classic taxonomy, some differences are evident. These differences can be traced in part to different theoretical interpretations of aphasia that lead investigators to emphasize the clinical features that best correspond to their personal theoretical interpretation. However, to understand the difference between the clinical pictures described by Luria and those in classic aphasiology, one has to take into consideration etiology as well, which is mainly vascular in classic aphasiology and traumatic in Luria's patients.
The main difference with the above-described transcortical sensory aphasia Type II is that in anomic aphasia reading and writing are not or only mildly impaired. , 1971). However, it is now generally held that anomic aphasia is the endpoint of many recovered aphasics (Kertesz & McCabe, 1977), and as such it has no localizing value. Even when anomic aphasia appears in the acute stage it cannot be reliably localized. , 1996). Global Aphasia Benson and Ardila mention global aphasia only as the syndrome resulting from total occlusion of the middle cerebral artery; they do not include it when describing the various aphasic syndromes.
Aphasia and Its Therapy (Medicine) by Anna Basso