By Peter Fonagy
Winner of the 2003 Gradiva Award and the 2003 Goethe Award for Psychoanalytic Scholarship
Arguing for the significance of attachment and emotionality within the constructing human cognizance, 4 favorite analysts discover and refine the techniques of mentalization and impact law. Their daring, vigorous, and inspiring imaginative and prescient for psychoanalytic therapy combines components of developmental psychology, attachment idea, and psychoanalytic method. Drawing largely on case reports and up to date analytic literature to demonstrate their rules, Fonagy, Gergely, Jurist, and aim provide versions of psychotherapy perform which can let the sluggish improvement of mentalization and have an effect on legislation even in sufferers with lengthy histories of violence or overlook.
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Additional info for Affect Regulation, Mentalization, and the Development of Self
The content of the chapters is as follows: Chapter 1 offers an overview of the major themes to be covered in the book. ” We sketch an outline (to be filled in later) of what we know about the developmental course of self-organization and the developmental deviations that can result from an adverse early environment, later trauma, or both. We introduce the notion of mentalization as a potential mediator of psychosocial risk. In Chapter 2, we consider broad intellectual trends in theories of affect, across a range of disciplines.
A great deal of attention has been paid to the development of self-representation, James’s “Me” or the “empirical self” (Lewis and Brooks-Gunn 1979), which encompasses the development of the set of characteristics that we believe to be true of ourselves even if this knowledge is inferred from the reactions to us from our social environment (Harter 1999). Thus, this aspect of mentalization is a concept with a rich history in both psychoanalytic theory (Fonagy 1991) and cognitive psychology (Morton and Frith 1995).
So what aspect of the environment can be specified as critical to the healthy development of an agentive or psychological self? Attuned interactions with the parent (Jaffe, Beebe, Feldstein, Crown, and Jasnow 2001; Stern 1985) often involve affect-mirroring—that is, the parent’s use of facial and vocal expression to represent to the child the feelings she assumes him to have in such a way as to reassure and calm rather than intensify his emotions. We see parental affect-mirroring as instrumental in fostering the capacity for affect regulation, through the creation of a second-order representation for constitutional affect states.
Affect Regulation, Mentalization, and the Development of Self by Peter Fonagy