By National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable
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Additional info for Academic Research Enterprise Within the Industrialized Nations: Comparative Perspectives
The physical sciences also did well (+76 percent), as the AEC expanded its on-campus support. Engineering (+6 percent) reflected the armed services' preference for FFRDCs. These years also witnessed a dramatic improvement in university research capacity, particularly at the major private institutions. In general, public research universities made greater improvements in per-student expenditures before 1955 (partly because of enrollment growth thereafter), and private universities, capitalizing on propitious financial conditions and considerably higher levels of voluntary support, generally registered their greatest increases in the decade after 1955.
Swann, Academic Scientists and the Pharmaceutical Industry: Cooperative Research in Twentieth-Century America, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988. 12. The material which follows draws from R. L. Geiger, Research and Relevant Knowledge: American Research Universities Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, (in progress). About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.
They include many state institutions from Sunbelt states where, at least until recently, economic growth has provided the underpinning for increases in enrollment and state support. Also prominent are public and private universities with close ties to industry, especially engineering schools. For the former group, the old formula of more students and higher appropriations seems to have translated into greater research capacity. For the latter group, links with the fastest growing segment of the research economy have produced above average growth.
Academic Research Enterprise Within the Industrialized Nations: Comparative Perspectives by National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable